Is the DSLR Dead?: Fuji X-Pro1 real-life review


While thousands of photographers around the world declare their love for new small mirrorless cameras, the word on the street is that the DSLR is dead! That’s one hell of a statement, and if true, a real game changer and it’s certainly got photographers talking. But is there any truth to that bold statement made by Zack Arias in his review of the X100s? I decided to find out by putting my Fuji X-Pro1 to the test.

I’m not going to talk to you about what’s under the hood, hell I’ve never written a camera review before. I’m a working photographer concerned with how gear performs in real life. To me it’s all about the image and the user experience and that’s the premise for this review. So if you’re thinking of listing your DSLR on ebay you may want to hold on…….at least until you’ve read what I found.

For years I have struggled to find a small, lightweight camera capable of delivering high quality images similar to what I get from my heavy duty Canons. I even went so far as to buy a Leica M6 once, damn it was pretty, but beyond what can only be described as a brief flirtation we never bonded. In the end I just couldn’t justify it collecting dust any more so it had to go. I went down the G7/G9 route but the journey was unfulfilling and the results were generally disappointing. The cameras struggled beyond ISO 400 and I simply couldn’t ignore my desire to explore life in the shadows so when the G9 suffered a seizure and stopped working I was determined to find a camera that was small and lightweight but delivered the quality of a grown up DSLR.

Enter Fuji on the scene with their new range of X-series cameras. These little mutant cameras are like the X-Men of the camera world with amazing powers, like the ability to produce noise free images at ridiculously high ISOs. The only noise they did produce was the incessant chatter on the web with so many people raving about them. Sure, there was criticism especially about the focussing on the X100 but the imaging quality set a new benchmark for this size of camera. But what struck me most was the passion and enthusiasm the X100 generated. People were excited and I mean really excited. Suddenly, the photography world came alive, the excitement was palpable. Hell, some photographers even discovered love again!

I bought the X-Pro1 with a 35mm and 60mm lens in March this year, so I’ve had plenty of time to try it in different situations and really get to grips with it. The kit sits comfortably in a Lowepro Passport Sling, which I’ve customised by adding extra padding to accommodate a new Fuji 14mm XF lens. A friend described it as looking like a nappy changing bag. Awesome!

Design and features
As far as the size, weight and design of the X-Pro1 is concerned I think Fuji have got it pretty much spot on. It’s bigger than a compact camera but smaller than a serious DSLR. Some people describe it as a rangefinder, which of course it isn’t but you can’t ignore the size or design similarity.

Importantly, Fuji have got a good balance between the size and weight of the body and the lenses, unlike Sony with the RX1, which has a tiny body, and I really mean a tiny body stuck to what looks like an oversized lens, damn that can’t be good!

The X-Pro1 is lightweight but not in a cheap, flimsy or plasticky kinda way. It feels solid in the hand and inspires confidence as a serious tool for the craft of photography. Top marks to Fuji on the design and build quality including the ergonomics with buttons and dials easily falling to hand but I think some re-allocation of functions and minor tweaks would help with the handling of the camera (more on that later).

Size comparison of the Fuji X-Pro1 (centre) compared to the Canon G9 (left) and Canon 5dMkII (right)

One of the most important considerations for me when choosing a camera is manual control. Yep, I like to drive the thing myself. I don’t use Program or Auto mode and rarely use Aperture or Shutter priority. I’ve spent years studying photography and I have my own creative vision, so why would I sacrifice that and let the camera drive itself?

SHOCK! Cameras are designed simply for capture, they have no concept of creativity. Yep, that’s right, it’s your role as the photographer to add the creative bit. The role of the camera is simply capture. Anyone who understands the craft of photography will know what I mean. I’m really pleased that the X-Pro1 has the main controls just where you would expect to find them. The aperture is controlled by a ring on the lens and the shutter is controlled by a dial on the top plate. This is what professionals want and has led to a lot of praise for Fuji. Perfect!

Great traditional controls. The shutter dial is situated on the top plate and the aperture is controlled by a ring on the lens.

There’s no getting away from menus on modern cameras and the X-Pro1 is no different, but Fuji have done a great job in making it as logical as possible. You have 5 shooting menus and 3 set-up menus. You can go from one menu to the next by simply scrolling up or down with the selector keys located around the menu button but the best thing is the Q button which brings up the quick menu showing 16 of the most widely used settings including ISO, image quality, white balance and auto focus mode. ISO is assigned to the Fn (Function) button, which is located just next to the shutter release making it fast and easy to use, similar to where the ISO button is located on my Canon 1d Mark III and 5d MarkII.

The Q button brings up the quick menu featuring 16 main controls and functions.

The 14, 35 and 60mm Fujinon lenses all have a traditional aperture ring that allows you to select the f-stop in 1/3 stop increments. A little more tension between the clicks would have been welcome, as it’s easy to accidentally change the setting. Also, over a period of time, with regular use, that tension will only continue to decrease so there is also the issue of longevity, though it must be said, a lot depends on the materials used.

The main dial on the camera top plate allows you to select shutter speeds in 1 stop increments. The left and right selector keys around the menu button allow you to change the shutter setting in 1/3 stop increments. This is not great as the selector keys don’t easily fall to hand. It would have been better to allocate the command dial for this function which is situated close to where the thumb normally rests. Another problem is that having adjusted your shutter speed, the camera reverts back to the full stop setting on the shutter dial when it’s woken up from standby or when it’s switched off and on again. It would have been better if the camera remembered the last USER setting for the shutter in 1/3 stop increments.

The size and weight of the X-Pro1 makes it ideal for travel. No more hours spent shoehorning gear into a cabin friendly bag. Three lenses and a body fit quite happily in the Lowepro Passport Sling with room to spare and the total weight is easy to carry around all day. Photographers can once again stand up straight and walk tall. The feeling of liberation alone is worth the money.

For me, the X-Pro1 is ideal for street photography, documentary, photojournalism and some editorial work. Though it’s not as discreet as the other X-series cameras, it has the advantage of interchangeable lenses and is smaller and considerably lighter than a M series Leica which has traditionally been the tool of choice for many street photographers and photojournalists. Initially, there is a steep learning curve getting used to the camera and this is the critical bit, you’ll either love it or hate it.

I always shoot RAW and use Lightroom to process the files but the camera has the ability to process RAW files in-camera on request and I’m not talking about shooting RAW and jpegs simultaneously (that is also available) but selecting an individual RAW file for in-camera processing and what’s really cool is that you can choose a ‘look’ based on a selection of classic Fuji emulsions. The jpegs are good and you won’t be disappointed. This is a nice touch by Fuji, and I think it may rekindle some nostalgic connection in some photographers with Fuji films, but it’s not a feature that I use.

The camera boasts a hybrid viewfinder, which has proved to be a revelation. Initially, I was a little sceptical about this but the X-Pro1 allows the option of switching from the electronic to the optical viewfinder at the flick of a switch located on the front of the camera. The third viewfinder option is the LCD screen on the back of the camera. Surprisingly, I find myself using all three options, the flexibility is great depending on circumstances. I like using the electronic viewfinder most of all, it shows you the same view as the lens just like a DSLR. Brilliant!

I also use the LCD screen on the back of the camera, something I’ve never really done before. One night, in Venice, I stumbled across a flooded St Mark’s Square, I needed a tripod but didn’t have one so I placed the X-Pro1 on a bin and used the LCD screen to frame the scene. The camera uses an old style threaded cable release and the good news is that they are cheap to buy. I had one kicking around at home, a throwback to my FM2 days which I’d thrown into my camera bag before travelling so I used that to shoot a series of timed exposures using the bulb setting. Simplicity itself and guess what, the LCD screen also displays the duration of the exposure for you. A really useful feature by Fuji.

St. Marks Square flooded at night composed using the LCD monitor on the back. Bulb setting, 6s, f11, ISO 800

Burst mode
One quirk which took a little longer to get used to is the image preview for a burst sequence. The camera is capable of a respectable 3fps and 6fps burst rate but the preview will leave you scratching your head at first as you see the first frame of the burst sequence with a small thumbnail superimposed towards the bottom showing an animation of the whole sequence. Weird!

Initially, I got frustrated not being able to review all the images but then discovered that by pressing the selector button down and then using the left and right selector keys you can scroll through the entire sequence as normal. I’m not quite sure why Fuji decided to do things this way, it’s no big deal but it requires another step to review the entire sequence of images. It would be much easier to review them as individual frames as found on other cameras. Perhaps Fuji can fix this in a firmware update.

I think the autofocus on the X-Pro1 is pretty damn good especially with the latest version 3.01 firmware update though it can require a little care and attention to work effectively in some circumstances but that’s no different to any other camera, and it’s also down to understanding your gear. It’s not designed to compete with the likes of pro DSLRs but then you’re not paying the money that those cameras demand. My advice would be to invest some time getting to grips with understanding the AF system and testing how it works. Nobody can do this for you, it’s something you have to do yourself.

The Decisive Moment – Fast and accurate auto-focus is perfectly possible with the Fujifilm X-Pro1. This was taken with version 2.05 firmware. It wasn’t set-up either.

I think this camera is about a more considered approach to photography; watching, thinking and creating images as elements come together. The level of detail captured by the X-Trans sensor is nothing short of sensational. In ‘S’ (single) AF mode you can select any one of the 49 AF sensors covering most of the frame but in C (continuous) focus mode only the centre sensor is active limiting the composition but the quality of the files is so good that you can re-compose your shots afterwards by cropping (yep, that’s right I used the ‘c’ word). Take a look at the heavily cropped image below.

Approximately 1/16 crop of frame. 1/500, f8, ISO 200

The X-Pro1 boasts an impressive ISO range from 200 to 6400. At low ISOs the images are exceptionally smooth and you don’t really start to see any grain until you get to around ISO1600 and even then it’s minimal. Continue all the way up to ISO 6400 and you’ll marvel at how good the images are. Fuji have done a terrific job with the new X-Trans sensor which really is capable of shooting at ISO 6400 with very little noise.

London underground train. ISO 6400, f6.4, 1/125s
A drink in The Prospect of Whitby, a historic London pub dating back to around 1520 provides the ideal location to check out the performance of the X-Pro1 in low light. ISO6400, f3.2, 1/20s

I decided to give the X-Pro1 a workout in the studio after all, if the DSLR is dead then we have a choice of medium format digital such as a Phase One or something else. I don’t own a Phase One, so the X-Pro1 had to step up to the mark.

It’s odd, but in a studio environment the camera immediately feels awkward, as if it instinctively doesn’t belong there. I had a problem part way through the shoot with the Pocket Wizard refusing to sync with the lights. I got around it by connecting the cord to the camera via a hot shoe PC adaptor. It wasn’t great but it worked. With the Canons the remote triggers work flawlessly leaving you to concentrate on the shoot. But to be fair this could have been due to any number of problems and not necessarily one associated with the camera.

So how did it perform? While it may have been awkward to use, the results are very impressive indeed. The quality of imaging is equivalent to my Canon DSLRs but given the choice I would choose my Canon 1dmkIII every time. I also found the maximum sync speed of 1/125s limiting and outside this would also be a problem especially working with flash in bright light.

Outstanding image quality from the Fuji X-Pro1 in the studio though it is a little awkward to use.

So is the DSLR dead? Well, yes and no. It depends entirely on the type of photography you do. The X-Pro1 is ideal for street, documentary, photojournalism, editorial and travel photography, but in the studio it feels awkward and has operational limitations. If Fuji were to address the operational limitations and release an optional studio grip that would make the ergonomics similar to a DSLR, then the demise of the DSLR would certainly be one step closer. But to be fair to Fuji, I don’t think the camera was ever produced with the studio in mind. It’s great for certain types of photography and I would hate to see it evolve into an oversized ‘one camera fits all’ monster. It is precisely the small size and lightweight combined with the outstanding image quality that are its strength.

The reality is that most professional photographers have an armoury of lenses and cameras to use according to the type of assignment they are working on. Look at other trades, have you seen how many types of screwdrivers are available on the market! Now, if Fuji were ever to produce a medium format digital camera specifically designed for studio use, that certainly would cause shockwaves in the industry and offer a real threat to the current line-up of medium format digital cameras. Remember you read it here first.

Without doubt the X-Pro1 is a great camera. It’s not for the beginner or the faint-hearted and thankfully there are no picture styles to choose from; the film emulsions can be forgiven. It is a serious imaging tool capable of exceptional results. Fuji have demonstrated their commitment to the product by continuing to release firmware updates. The latest version 3.01 released only recently at the end of July. They also continue to expand the range of XF lenses. It is also encouraging that a camera manufacturer is prepared to listen to feedback from photographers and long may that continue.

I have no regrets buying the X-Pro1, it is the camera that I have been waiting a long time for. It’s an absolute joy to use and the imaging quality is nothing short of sublime. It positively encourages photography because it is small and light and importantly doesn’t draw attention when working in the public. It’s easy to understand why photographers around the world have fallen in love with photography once again and the excitement is real and truly justified.

Have I fallen in love with the X-Pro1? Absolutely, but I’m not getting rid of my Canons…….well, not just yet anyway!

Recommendations to Fuji
1. Change the 1/3 stop incremental adjustment of the shutter speed to the Command dial rather than the left and right Menu selectors and allow the camera to retain the user setting until adjusted by the user.

2. Change the preview for burst mode to normal without having to press the Menu down selector before scrolling through.

3. Add a lock on the exposure compensation dial. This doesn’t bother me because I shoot in manual mode but it is somethingI have heard others talk about and I can see it would be useful when shooting in Program, Aperture or Shutter priority.

4. A little more tension on the aperture ring between clicks would help prevent accidental adjustment.

©Rob Johns. All rights reserved

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  1. adam bucci

    i assume you’re talking about the aperture rng on the xf 35. i find that aperture ring to be a little too loose.

    by the way, where was the decisive moment photo taken?

    • Rob

      Hi Adam, I have the 14, 35 and 60mm lenses, I think the aperture ring on all 3 lenses would benefit from a little more tension, particularly the 14mm. Fuji need to be aware that over a period of time with regular use the tension will naturally decrease so a stiffer starting point would help to promote the longevity and overall quality of their lenses.

      The Decisive Moment was taken in London.

    • Rob

      Thanks Lee. It’s great to hear you use the X-Pro1 in the studio and on location with lighting without any problems. It is a very capable camera and while I have no issue with imaging quality I guess I’m just used to handling the Canon 1d MkIII which fits in the hand so well but by god it leaves you exhausted after a full day’s shoot.

  2. Hans Wahlgren


    I use the X-E1. I agree with you on most parts. On the X-E1 I would appreciate a lock on the exposure compensation ring also. It’s far to easy to adjust, by accident.

    • Rob

      Hi Hans, let’s hope Fuji take on board comments from photographers. They have responded well in the past with the development of the Fuji X100s which addressed all the complaints about the original X100. I think a centre push pin similar to the shutter dial would be ideal.

  3. Herman Roozenbeek

    I like your article very much and I agree with you in all points except for your conclusion about in the studio it feels awkward and has operational limitations. The remote triggers on the market are made for Canon or for Nikon but not for Fuji X-Pro1! If people use a remote trigger together with a X-Pro1 and it works, then they have had luck. I have had the same problems as you have had and I did react similar as you. I found out that it is a mechanical problem of the hot shoe, if you move the remote trigger a little bit backwards in the hot shoe then it will work. Conclusion, we need a remote trigger for Xpro-1 or Fuji should change their hot shoe a little bit.

    • Rob

      Hi Herman, I guess I’m drawing my conclusions from the premise that Pocket Wizards have a strong reputation for reliability and when they don’t work, or work intermittently it kinda throws you. You’re right, I need to look into triggers for the X-Pro1 as clearly the Wizards are not the best choice. I know some people are claiming great success with IR triggers and Canon and Nikon sync cables but I’m trying to avoid the whole cable thing, it seems like a step backwards for me.

      Do we need a remote trigger for the X-Pro1 or are they already on the market? By that I mean is there already a trigger that is ideally suited to fit and work with the X-Pro1? I take your point about a custom trigger designed to fit securely on the hot shoe that would offer a secure fit and reliability. I know triggers don’t need to be as big and bulky as the Pocket Wizards, I mean look at the Elinchrom Skyport. Definitely an area worth exploring.

  4. Gry Garness

    Great practical review and the images do a lot of the talking too! I also use an X-pro 1, and it’s inspiring me to spend more time shooting. It’s easy to carry and it’s also so much more involving than my Nikon DSLRs. It was a steep learning curve, but like you Rob, I found myself using the viewfinder in a much more flexible way than I first thought I’d do, using the eye sensor too. Being a frequent user of exposure compensation I do find that it’s a bit loose, and a dial lock would be good. Imagine if they took the best from the old Fuji GX 680 III (which I used to shoot on) and married it with what they’ve learned with this one. Now that would be a studio camera to die for!

    • Rob

      Thanks Gry, if the X100s is anything to go by I’m confident that Fuji will take on board the feedback from photographers in the development of the next version of the X-Pro1 but it has to be said, there isn’t a lot wrong with the X-Pro1. It just needs some tweaks here and there. The real strength of the X-Pro1 is that it genuinely encourages you to go out and enjoy photography without having to worry about the camera gear to weight ratio or being questioned by the public or authorities about your motives. How awesome, a camera that encourages you to go out and explore the world around you. What price can you put on that?

      Can you imagine the imaging quality from a medium format X-Trans sensor, I really think Fuji should explore the possibility.

  5. DesE Gershon

    Hi Rob

    liked your article v much. I’ve got a M7, now stored in the loft
    having had the same romantic run. Actually got !!expletive!! off going
    from the split level focusing to the 21mm optical finder and
    missing the picture. Your item has got me thinking sufficiently
    enough to consider the Fuji. I think I may go for the 14mm too
    (21mm equivalent on a 35mm camera) but to get a bit more guidance
    from you I wondered why you did not consider the 18mm pancake lens
    or 18-55 zoom, instead of the 60mm notwithstanding that the zoom
    has a top end f4. Also, did you have any particular preference
    where you purchased it?

    • Rob

      Hi Des, Thank you very much for your kind comments. Initially, I bought the X-Pro1 with the 35mm and 60mm lenses but quickly realised that the 35mm (52mm equiv) simply was not wide enough. I was backing up into walls and people and getting into all sort of trouble and I still wasn’t getting everything in the frame. I had a look at the 18mm (28mm equiv) pancake lens but optically it just wasn’t up there with some of the other Fuji lenses, though I must admit the compact design and price were very tempting.

      I think a significant fact for me was, I just didn’t feel the 18mm was quite wide enough and then the 14mm hit the scene. Time and time again the 14mm received rave reviews in terms of design, build and most importantly the optics. It’s not a cheap lens to buy but I don’t regret my purchase one bit. Lenses don’t get much better than this and the depth of field scale on the lens is very welcome.

      I never considered the 18-55mm, for 2 main reasons. First, the lens has a variable aperture dependent on the focal length and that is a problem for me. If I want to shoot at 55mm (84mm equiv) I don’t want to be limited to using f4. The second problem is, there isn’t an aperture ring with markings in the traditional sense. Yes there an aperture encoder ring but it’s not the same. My criteria was simple, I wanted great build quality, great optics and traditional aperture controls, oh and it had to be fast all the way through. I found that with the 60mm (90mm equiv) lens which is f2.4, thats a whopping 1.5 stops faster than the 18-55mm lens at the telephoto end.

      I bought my gear from the Fuji Refub store online which offered the whole range with the full Fuji warranty and at the right price. I split my time between London and Bedford, where Fuji have their UK head office, it’s literally 5 minutes from my home so it was a no brainer.

      Here’s the link to the Fuji Refurb Store:

      Footnote: The other important consideration for me when buying gear is customer support. I’ve always had great support from Canon, very fast turnaround times for repairs and I hope that Fuji can offer the same. One thing that Fuji may wish to consider is perhaps, a pro scheme for professional photographers similar to the CPS scheme that Canon run. It would be shame if the support wasn’t there when things go wrong.

      • DesE Gershon

        Hi Rob,
        I’ve not used a so called normal (50mm) focal length lens for more years than I wish to recall. I’m a very much move in close and be part of the action operator – currently using a 20mm f2.8 Nikkor lens. I have to agree with your attitude in respect of the zoom lens. I had absolutely no idea that Fuji had a refurb outlet. Just viewed the site and they have on offer an X Pro 1 a few pence under £800.00. No 14mm available at the moment but I’ve already put request when one is available. Obviously your item has had considerable influence on me. DesE Gershon.

        • Rob

          The other thing worth trying is keeping an eye out on twitter, I’ve seen London Camera Exchange tweet when they’ve had a used Fuji 14mm lens for sale. If you can get yourself to a dealer it really is worth having a look at the full range and there are always deals to be had. Seeing and trying the range at Focus was a very worthwhile experience for me.

          I’d be interested to know how you get on. Remember, the initial period is crucial, it’s a bit like dating, you’ll know very quickly whether you have a future together or not.

  6. Tim Read

    Excellent review. So often camera reviews get bogged down with mind boggling technical details rather than the real world experience of using them. I recently bought the X-E1 to replace the my Canon 5D Mk2 for family and holiday stuff and as a word of caution I would in retrospect have perhaps been better off buying the X-Pro1. The electronic viewfinder on the X-E1 can be very laggy in low light situations however the image quality of the RAWs is way beyond expectations. I also use the 18-55mm zoom as I really wanted to travel light with this camera and the optics are way better than the zooms I use on the Canon.

  7. Dirk

    Excellent review, 100% adhere to what you are writing. I’ve been a ‘wave one’ X-Pro1 user, never regretted it. I’ve been working with most of the XF-Fujinon lenses now, they are all providing an excellent IQ, almost no distortion, chr. aberration,… But still, for some reason, this camera in particular received a lot of criticism. I admit that the first firmware versions were not very good for some issues like the AF-behavior, but there has also been a lot of exaggeration. To be honest I found the lacking RAW conversion support for almost one year a more severe problem than any other AF-issue. In general, I noticed that Leica users felt uncomfortable about Fujifilm X, as the X-Pro1 holds the concept of the very M-camera Leica should have released many year ago, this is the kind of toolset such an high end market was expecting. Even the M is regarding ergonomics not even near to an X-Pro1. Brings up another theme: if Fujifilm would have conceived the X-Pro1 around a FF X-trans sensor they would have bought a lot credibility in the market and the X-system would have been on the list of any pro-photographer.

  8. Neil Cooper

    I’ve just been looking at this camera in my local shop. One thing which I noticed you didn’t mention is the fact that it doesn’t have an adjustable diopter on the eye piece! Fixed dopter lenses have to be bought separately for £16!
    I find this bizarre to say the least I don’t think I ever owned a serious camera that doesn’t have one built-in.
    Still despite this I’m knocked out by the quality of files from this amazing beastie and have one arriving soon. Thanks for your article.

  9. Andy Dean

    Thank you Rob for a great review of the xpro 1.

    I purchased an x100s last year and love the image quality of that camera so much.
    I totally agree with your comments that with Fuji cameras, they rekindle the essence of what photography should be, a creative process that takes time.

    I was considering the xt1 but my local dealer has the xpro and 2 lenses for just shy of £650, a deal I think is too good to pass up.

    The camera will have the 18mm and 27mm lenses in the deal, I am looking at the 35mm 1.4 as well, so many users suggesting this is a wonderful lens to have.

    I do not take action photography shots, so fast autofocus is not an issue for me, in fact, I use manual focus most of the time anyway.
    So looking forward to taking shots of my home town of Exeter the UK with the xpro1

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